Just to get along on posting stuff regarding friends projects (or just of my own incompetence to gather and present some of my personal research…) I will present this amazing project of dear friend and classmate Angelos Chronis . Angelos was always kind of closer to the mathematical perception of issues regarding design. His initial interest in Sustainability led to the idea of using wind as a morphogenetic and at the same time, analytical tool. The research outcome of this interest was GFD – Generative Fluid Dynamics – a methodology on using CFD – Computational Fluid Dynamics as a generative tool. This process consisted of custom designed CFD algorithm written in Processing and a genetic algorithm running simultaneously optimizing the performance of the examined building envelope or piece of design.
The integration of simulation environments in generative, performance-driven form-finding methods is expected to enable an exploration into performative solutions of unprecedented complexity in architectural design problems. Computational fluid dynamics simulations have a wide range of applications in architecture, yet they are mainly applied at final design stages for evaluation and validation of design intentions, due to their computational and expertise requirements.
This paper investigates the potential of a fast fluid dynamics simulation scheme in a generative optimization process, through the use of a genetic algorithm, for wind loading optimization of a free form surface. A problem-specific optimization environment has been developed for experimentation. The optimization process has provided valuable insight on both the performance objectives and the representation of the problem. The manipulation of the parametric description of the problem has enabled control over the solution space highlighting the relation of the representation to the performance outcome of the problem.
The research was presented as a paper at the SimAUD 2011 conference, part of the 2011 Spring Simulation Conference (SpringSim’11) in Boston, USA and recieved an “ Outstanding Paper Award “. You can explore the conference proceedings here. And to get a better idea about the project please watch the following videos.
Angelos is currently employed at Foster+Partners as an analyst in the Special Modelling Group of the firm conducting research and dealing with advanced geometry problems. For more info please visit his personal site Digital Tectonics.